Cumulative Bibliography

This is a listing of the books I have consulted during my Undergraduate and Graduate level studies. As I read more within my field, I will update this listing. Where possible, I have included links. If you find one that does not work, please let me know so that I may review and/or remove it. Thanks!!


Primary Sources

Wise, Michael O., et. al. The Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Translation. San Francisco:
HarperSanFrancisco, 2005.

Journal Articles

Abbott, Nabia. “A Ninth-Century Fragment of the "Thousand Nights" New Light on the Early History of the Arabian Nights.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 8, No. 3 (Jul., 1949), pp. 129-164. The University of Chicago Press. Accessed: 08/10/2008.
----------. "Women and the State in Early Islam." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 1, no. 3 (Jul. 1942): 341-368.
Al-Musawi, Muhsin. “ Abbasid Popular Narrative: the Formaion of Readership and Cultural Production.” Journal of Arabic Literature Vol. 38, No. 3 (2007), pp. 261-292. Brill Academic Publishers. Accessed : 01/06/2009.
Anderson, Peter. “al-Kindi.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring    
          2009 Edition). Edward N. Zalta (ed.).     
Ankersmit, F. R. "The Ethics of History: From the Double Binds of (Moral) Meaning to Experience." History and Theory 43, no. 4, Theme Issue 43: Historians and Ethics (Dec. 2004): 84-102.
Antoon de Baets. "Defamation Cases Against Historians." History and Theory 41, no. 3 (Oct. 2002): 346-366.
Bouchenaki, Mounir. “Setting up the International Collaboration Framework.” Museum International 55, no. 3-4 (2003): 126-138.
Bouquet, M. "Genealogy in Anthropology." In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, Oxford: Pergamon, 2001, 6029-6032.
Bray, Julia. “A Caliph and his Public Relations.” Middle Eastern Literatures, Vol. 7, No. 2 (July, 2004), pp. 159-170. Carfax Publishing. Accessed: 01/06/2009.
Burnett, Charles. “The Coherence of the Arabic-Latin Translation Program in
          Toledo in the Twelfth Century.” Science in Context 14(1/2), 249-288   
Burnett, D. Graham. “The Founder of Empires.” The American Scholar, Vol. 73, No. 4 pp. 65-68. Phi Beta Kappa Society. Accessed: 01/05/2009.
Canfora, Luciano. "The theme of the universal library in the Arabic tradition." Diogenes 45, no. 2 (June 1997): 49. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed November 12, 2009).
Clinton, Jerome W. “Madness and Cure in the 1001 Nights.” Studia Islamica, No. 61 (1985), pp. 107-125. Maisonneuve & Larose. Accessed: 08/10/2008.
Cooperson, Michael. “Baghdad in Rhetoric and Narrative.” Muqarnas, Vol. 13 (1996), pp. 99-113. BRILL. Accessed: 08/10/2008.
Dougherty, Raymond P. "A Babylonian City in Arabia." American Journal of Archaeology 34, no. 3 (Jul. - Sep. 1930): 296-312.
Durham, W. H. "Cultural Evolution: Overview." In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, Oxford: Pergamon, 2001, 3049-3052.
El-Hibri, Tayeb. “Harun al-Rashid and the Mecca Protocol of 802: A Plan for Division or Succession?” International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Aug., 1992), pp. 461-480. Cambridge University Press. Accessed: 01/05/2009.
El-Shamy, Hasan. “A Motif Index of Alf Laylah wa Laylah: Its Relevance to the Study of Culture, Society, the Individual, and Character Transmutation.” Journal of Arabic Literature, Vol. 36, No. 3 (2005), pp. 235-268. Brill Academic Publishers. Accessed: 10/09/2008.
Elmore, Gerald. "Poised Expectancy: Ibn Al-'Arabī's Roots in "Sharq Al-Andalus"." Studia Islamica, no. 90 (2000): 51-66.
Freitag, Ulrike. "Writing Arab History: The Search for the Nation." British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 21, no. 1 (1994): 19-37.
G. E. von Grunebaum. "The Nature of the Arab Literary Effort." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 7, no. 2 (Apr. 1948): 116-122.
Gelb, Ignace J. "Approaches to the Study of Ancient Society." Journal of the American Oriental Society 87, no. 1 (Jan. - Mar. 1967): 1-8.
Ghazoul, Ferial J. “The Visual Sign as Semiotic Signifier in the Arabian Nights.” The Medieval History Journal, Vol. 9, No. 1 (2006), pp. 167-184. Sage Publications. Accessed: 10/09/2008.
Gibb, H. A. R. "The Evolution of Government in Early Islam." Studia Islamica, no.
4 (1955): 5-17.
Goitein, S.D. “The Oldest Documentary Evidence for the Title Alf Laila wa-Laila.” Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 78, No. 4 (Oct. - Dec., 1958), pp. 301- 302. American Oriental Society. Accessed: 07/10/2008.
Goldstein, Bernard R. “Astronomy in the Medieval Spanish Jewish
          Community.” L. Nauta and A. Vanderjagt, editors. Between
          Demonstration and Imagination: Essays in the History of Science and
          Philosophy Presented to John D. North. Leiden: Brill, 1999.
Gorman, Jonathan. "Historians and their Duties." History and Theory 43, no. 4, Theme Issue 43: Historians and Ethics (Dec. 2004): 103-117.
Hannawi, Abdul Ahad. “The Role of the Arabs in the Introduction of Paper Into Europe.” SCOPA. New Haven, CT: Yale University Library, 3/03/08. Accessed: 6/25/09
Heydari-Malayeri, Mohammad. “The Persian-Toledan Astronomical
          Connection and the European Renaissance.” Academia Europaea 19th 
          Annual Conference in cooperation with: Sociedad Estatal de
          Conmemoraciones Culturales, Ministerio de Cultura (Spain). “The
          Dialogue of Three Cultures and our European Heritage”. (Toledo
          Crucible of the Culture and the Dawn of the Renaissance). 2 - 5
          September 2007, Toledo, Spain. 
Higham, John. "Beyond Consensus: The Historian as Moral Critic." The American Historical Review 67, no. 3 (Apr. 1962): 609-625.
Hopwood, Derek. "Albert Hourani: Islam, Christianity and Orientalism." British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 30, no. 2 (Nov. 2003): 127-136.
----------. “An Approach to Islamic History.” Bulletin (British Society for Middle Eastern Studies), Vol. 7, No. 1 (1980), pp. 24-32. Taylor & Francis, Ltd. Accessed: 01/05/2009.
Humphreys, R. S. "Historiography and Historical Thought: Islamic Tradition." In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, Oxford: Pergamon, 2001, 6787-6793.
Imber, Colin. “The Ottoman Dynastic Myth.” Turcica, no. XIX (1987): 7-27.
Inalcik, Halil. “The Conquest of Edirne (1361).” Archivum Ottomanicum, no. III (1971):
________. “The Hub of the City: the Bedestan in Istanbul.” The International
Journal of Turkish Studies, no. I (1979-80): 1-17.
________. “The Ottoman Economic Mind and Aspects of the Ottoman Economy.”
Studies in the Economic History of the Middle East. (1970): 207-218

________. “ The Policy of Mehmed II Toward the Greek Population of Istanbul and the Byzantine Buildings of the City.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers, no. 23-25 (1969-70): 231-249.

________. “The Question of the Emergence of the Ottoman State.” The
International Journal of Turkish Studies, no. II (1980): 71-79.
Irwin, William A. "The Orientalist as Historian." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 8, no. 4 (Oct. 1949): 298-309.
Johnson, M.C., Dr. “Manuscripts of the Baghdad Astronomers,” The
          Observatory, Vol. 59 (July 1936), p215-226.
Joplin, Laura. “On Defining Experiential Education.” Journal of Experiential
Joranson, Einar. “The Alleged Frankish Protectorate in Palestine.” The American Historical Review, Vol. 32, no. 2 (Jan., 1927), pp. 241-261. American Historical Association. Accessed: 01/07/2009.
Kennedy, Hugh. "From Polis to Madina: Urban Change in Late Antique and Early Islamic Syria." Past and Present, no. 106 (Feb. 1985): 3-27.
----------. "The True Caliph of The Arabian Nights." History Today  54, no. 9 (September 1, 2004): 31-36. (accessed November 9, 2008).
Kimber, Richard. “The Succession to the Caliph Musa al-Hadi.” Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 121, No. 3 (July – Sep., 2001), pp. 428-448. American Oriental Society. Accessed: 01/05/2009.
Kolb, Alice Y. and David A. Kolb. “Learning Styles and Learning Spaces:
Enhancing Experiential Learning in Higher Education.” Academy of Management Learning & Education, 2005, Vol. 4, No. 2, 193–212. Accessed: 4/10/09.
Kolb, David A. “Learning Styles and Disciplinary Differences.” Arthur E.
Chickering and Associates, eds. The Modern American College: Responding to the New Realities of Diverse Students and a Changing Society. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Inc., Publishers, 1981. Accessed: 4/10/09.
Krämer, G. "Nationalism, Historical Aspects of: Arab World." In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, Oxford: Pergamon, 2001, 10344-10348.
Kramer, Samuel Noah. "New Light on the Early History of the Ancient Near East." American Journal of Archaeology 52, no. 1 (Jan. - Mar. 1948): 156-164.
Lapidus, Ira M. "The Separation of State and Religion in the Development of Early Islamic Society." International Journal of Middle East Studies 6, no. 4 (Oct. 1975): 363-385.
Lloyd, Seton. Twin Rivers, a Brief History of Iraq from the Earliest Times to Present Day. [Bombay: Indian Branch, Oxford Univ. Press, 1947. Database on-line. Available from, WorldCat, .
Machut-Mendecka, Ewa. "The Individual and the Community in Arabic Literary Autobiography." Arabica 46, no. 3 (1999): 510. 4217905.
Mackensen, Ruth Stellhorn. “Background of the History of Moslem Libraries.” The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures, Vol. 51, No. 2 (Jan., 1935), pp. 114-125.
----------. “Background of the History of Moslem Libraries (Continued).” The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures, Vol. 52, No. 1 (Oct., 1935), pp. 22-33.
----------. “Moslem Libraries and Sectarian Propaganda.” The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures, Vol. 51, No. 2 (Jan., 1935): 83-113.
Malti-Douglas, Fedwa. "Texts and Tortures: The Reign of Al-Muʿtadid and the Construction of Historical Meaning." Arabica 46, no. 3 (1999): 313. 4217885.
Marquez-Villanueva, Francisco. “Ways and Means of Science in Medieval
          Spain. Erasmus Lecture given at the Toledo General Meeting of the
          Academia Europaea 2007.”  European Review, Vol. 16, No. 2. p145-
Marzolph, Ulrich. “Narrative Strategies in Popular Literature: ideology and ethics in tales from the Arabian Nights and other collections.” Middle Eastern Literatures, Vol. 7, No. 2 (July 2004), pp. 171-182. Taylor & Francis, Ltd. Accessed: 01/06/2009.
Montequin, F. -A de. "Muslim Spain and the Maghrib: The Artistic Relationship in the Almoravid and Almohad Periods." Bulletin (British Society for Middle Eastern Studies) 14, no. 2 (1987): 162-171.
Moughrabi, Fouad M. “The Arab Basic Personality: A Critical Survey of the Literature.” International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Jan., 1978), pp. 99-112. Cambridge University Press. Accessed: 11/05/2008.
Moussa-Mahmoud, Fatma. “Literature as a Unifying Influence in Modern Arab Culture.” Bulletin (British Society for Middle Eastern Studies), Vol. 5, No. 1 (1978), pp. 29-34. Taylor & Francis, Ltd. Accessed: 08/10/2008.
Oates, David. "The Roman Frontier in Northern 'Iraq." The Geographical Journal 122, no. 2 (Jun. 1956): 190-199.
Quay, John. “Experience and Participation: Relating Theories of Learning.”
The Journal of Experiential Education; Fall 2003; 26, 2; Academic Research Library Accessed: 4/10/09
Runciman, Steven. “Charlemagne and Palestine.” The English Historical Review, Vol. 50, No. 200 (Oct., 1935), pp. 606-619. Oxford University Press. Accessed: 01/07/2009.
Safran, Janina. "The Command of the Faithful in Al-Andalus: A Study in the Articulation of Caliphal Legitimacy." International Journal of Middle East Studies 30, no. 2 (May 1998): 183-198.
----------. "Identity and Differentiation in Ninth-Century Al-Andalus." Speculum 76, no. 3 (Jul. 2001): 573-598. Sato, M. "Time, Chronology, and Periodization in History." In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, Oxford: Pergamon, 2001, 15686-15692.
----------. "Ceremony and Submission: The Symbolic Representation and Recognition of Legitimacy in Tenth-Century Al-Andalus." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 58, no. 3 (Jul. 1999): 191-201.
Savage, E. "Berbers and Blacks: Ibadi Slave Traffic in Eighth-Century North Africa." The Journal of African History 33, no. 3 (1992): 351-368.
Schacker-Mill, Jennifer. “Otherness and Otherworldliness: Edward W. Lane's Ethnographic Treatment of The Arabian Nights.” The Journal of American Folklore, Vol. 113, No. 448 (Spring, 2000), pp. 164-184. University of Illinois Press on behalf of American Folklore Society. Accessed: 07/10/2008.
Shami, S. "Middle East and North Africa: Sociocultural Aspects." In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, Oxford: Pergamon, 2001, 9792-9796.
Smedley, Audrey. ""Race" and the Construction of Human Identity." American Anthropologist 100, no. 3 (Sep. 1998): 690-702.
Sprengling, M. “The Arabian Nights Stone of the Oriental Institute.” The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures, Vol. 51, No. 4 (Jul., 1935), pp. 217-232. The University of Chicago Press. Accessed: 08/10/2008.
Stafford, R. S. "Iraq and the Problem of the Assyrians." International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1931-1939) 13, no. 2 (Mar. - Apr. 1934): 159-185.
Staley, Kevin. “al-Kindi on Creation: Aristotle’s Challenge to Islam.” Journal of
 The Assyrian and Babylonian empires - 1000-539  BC. (1997). In Concise Atlas of
World History, Andromeda. Retrieved May 13, 2008, from
Tosi, Maurizio. "The Emerging Picture of Prehistoric Arabia." Annual Review of Anthropology 15 (1986): 461-490.
Tschanz, David, MSPH, Ph.D., “Hunayn bin Ishaq: The Great Translator.”
          JISHIM (2003) 1. 
Watenpaugh, Keith. “Fragile Glasnost on the Tigris.” Middle East Report, No. 228 (Autumn, 2003), pp.     
Weber, Michael C. “Gerard of Cremona: The Danger of Being Half-
          Acculturated.” Medieval Encounters 8, 2-3 (2002), pp123-134.
Weimer, Maryellen. "Learning More from the Wisdom of Practice." New Directions
Wendell, Charles. “Baghdad: Imago Mundi, and Other Foundation-Lore.” International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 2, No. 2  (Apr., 1971), pp. 99-128. Cambridge University Press. Accessed: 10/27/2008.
Wilson, John A. "Albert Ten Eyck Olmstead, 1880-1945." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 5, no. 1, Albert Ten Eyck Olmstead Memorial Issue (Jan. 1946): 1-6.
Wolsk, David. "Experiential Knowledge." New Directions for Teaching & Learning,
Zachs, Fruma. "Mīkhā'Īl Mishāqa--the First Historian of Modern Syria." British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 28, no. 1 (May 2001): 67-87.

Secondary Sources

Abun-Nasr, Jamil M. A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 1987.  

Abun-Nasr discusses the people of the Maghrib under various rulers, especially under Islamic rule. His primary concern is how the Maghrib responded and reacted to each conqueror. He emphasizes the use of Arabic or Arabized names over European one’s.

Adshead, S.A.M. “Tamerlane and the Global Aresenal, 1370-1405”. Central Asia
in World History. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1993.
Bennison, Amira K. Jihad and its interpretations in pre-colonial Morocco: state-
society relations during the French conquest of Algeria. New York: Routledge Curzon, 2002.

Bennison attempts to asses how Morocco became an independent state by looking back on the jihads/wars that led to independence. This book is broken into the different jihads in Algeria and Morocco. Historians of military conflict, Islam, North Africa, and nation-states would find this book insightful. Bennison includes a glossary of foreign terms near the end of this book.

Bourqia, Rahma and Susan Gilson Miller, eds. In the shadow of the sultan:
culture, power and politics in Morocco. Cambridge, Mass.: Distributed for the Center for Middle Eastern Studies of Harvard University by Harvard University Press, 1999.

In this book, Bourqia provides an overview of the three key factors of political theory according to ibn-Khaldun. He does this through the use of several scholarly essays that concentrate on one or more factor of Khaldun’s theory. This book would be especially useful for those in areas of political science and/or law ~ especially pertaining to Morocco.

Bowie, Fiona with Christopher Deacy, eds. The coming deliverer: millennial
themes in world religions. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1997.
Boyce, Mary. A history of Zoroastrianism. Leiden: Koln : E.J. Brill, 1975.
----------. Zoroastrians, their religious beliefs and practices. London: Boston:
Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979.
Brann, Ross. Power in the portrayal: representations of Jews and Muslims in
eleventh- and twelfth-century Islamic Spain. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2002. 
Buckler, F.W., M.A. Harunu’l-Rashid and Charles the Great. Cambridge, MA: The
Medieval Academy of America, 1931.
Cahen, Claude. Pre-Ottoman Turkey, A General Survey of the Material and
Spiritual Culture & History, c. 1071-1330. New York: Taplinger Publishing Co., 1968.
Clark, Peter. Zoroastrianism: an introduction to an ancient faith. Brighton
[England]: Portland, Or. : Sussex Academic Press, 1998.
Cooperson, Michael. Classical Arabic Biography: the Heirs of the Prophets in the
Age of al-Ma’mun. Cambridge [England]; New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Dawson, Miles Menander, 1863-1942. The ethical religion of Zoroaster; an
account of what Zoroaster taught, as perhaps the very oldest and surely the most accurate code of ethics for man, accompanied by the essentials of his religion. New York, AMS Press [1969].
Fagan, Brian M. Return to Babylon: Travelers, Archaeologists, and Monuments in
Mesopotamia, Revised. Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Press, 2007.
Fleischer, Cornell H. “Between the Lines: Realities of Scribal Life in the Sixteenth
Century”. Studies in Ottoman History in Honour of Professor V.L. Menage. Istanbul: Isis Press, 1994.
 Geertz, Clifford. The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books, 2000.
 Gilmore, David D. Aggression and community: paradoxes of Andalusian culture.
New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987. 

In this book, Gilmore discusses the aggression within Andalusian society, especially in rural society. This book contains insight into social dilemmas within these rural areas of Andalusia. Historians of Spain, Andalusia, Islam, and the Caliphates would benefit from this book as would psychologists, social scientists, and behaviorists. There is a glossary of Spanish terms near the end of the book.

Goffman, Daniel. The Ottoman Empire and Early Modern Europe. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Golden, Peter B. “The World of the Steppes”. An Introduction to the History of
the Turkic Peoples: Ethnogenesis and State-Formation in Medieval and Early Modern Eurasia and the Middle East. Wiesbaden: O. Harrassowitz, 1992.
Griffith, Sidney Harrison. The Church in the Shadow of the Mosque: Christians
and Muslims in the World of Islam. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, c2008.
Gutas, Dmitri. Greek Thought, Arabic Culture: The Graeco-Arabic Translation
Movement in Baghdad and Early Abbasid Society (2nd – 4th/8th – 10th centuries). London: Routledge, 1998.
Haaren, John H., LL.D. and A. B. Poland, Ph.D. Famous Men of the Middle Ages.
NY: American Book Company, 1904.
Hartz, Paula. Zoroastrianism. New York: Facts On File, 1999.
Hess, Andrew C. The forgotten frontier: a history of the sixteenth century Ibero-
African frontier. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.

Hess brings to light an aspect of Arab history not much studied in past years. He includes an historical account of North Africa and Iberia during Islamic rule and the effect of this rule. This book is a good source for historians of the Ottoman Empire as well as those who study North Africa/Iberia in general. Educators may also find this book useful. Hess includes several genealogical tables exemplifying the importance of genealogy in Muslim society.

Huff, Toby E. The Rise of Early Modern Science: Islam, China and the West.
Cambridge       [England]; New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Jayyusi, Salma Khadra and Manuela Marin, eds. The legacy of Muslim Spain. New
York: E.J. Brill, 1992. 

This is a study of Islamic civilization in Europe and North Africa. Jayyusi touches on the history, culture, religion, and society of Andalusia. Those interested in an all-encompassing history of Andalusia, art historians, philosophers, theologists, and linguists would find this book useful. Jayyusi includes biographies of the contributors near the end of the book allowing the reader insight into each contributor’s background.

Kennedy, Hugh (Hugh N.). Muslim Spain and Portugal: a political history of al-
Andalus. New York: Longman, 1996.     
----------. The Prophet and the Age of the Caliphates, 2nd Edition. Harlow:
Edinburgh Gate, 2004.

This book is good for those who are interested in learning more about the Caliphates from the time of Muhammad through the Fatimid Dynasty. Kennedy is one of the leading scholars in this field. He incorporates maps, genealogical tables, and other important matter into this book to make it valuable in a broad range of studies within the arts and sciences.

----------. When Baghdad Ruled the Muslim World: The Rise and Fall of Islam’s
Greatest Dynasty. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, 2005.

This book is filled with information on the Abbasid Dynasty, which was located in the Baghdad region of Iraq. Again, there are several maps and genealogical tables within this book. Kennedy also includes photographs of various places and objects around Baghdad. This is a useful book for those who wish to further understand the rise and fall of the Abbasids.

----------. The Great Arab Conquests: How the Spread of Islam Changed the
World We Live In. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, 2007.

As the title suggests, this book is good at describing the Arab conquests. Kennedy discusses and describes the westward expansion of Islam from the Middle East through North Africa and into Southern Europe. This book is filled with maps and illustrations as well as some select photographs.

Lane, Edward William. Stanley Lane-Poole, ed. Arabian Society in the Middle
Ages: Studies from The Thousand and One Nights. NY: Barnes & Noble, Inc., 1971.
----------. The Thousand and One Nights, Vol. I. London: Routledge, Warne and
Routledge, 1865.
Lapidus, Ira M. A History of Islamic Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press, 1988. 

             This book is an impressive volume of Islamic history as a whole. Lapidus breaks this book up by region(s) and time period(s). Historians would find this book extremely useful as it is a concise history of varying Islamic societies and the world in which they grew and changed.

Laroui, Abdallah. L’histoire du Maghreb: un essai de synthèse. Paris: F Maspero,

Laroui delves into the history of the Maghrib, from a non-western viewpoint, in this book. He presents a history from its earliest conception up to and including colonialism in the Maghrib. The author’s preconception of western historians being ignorant and interested more in present/modern history may appear to be a bias within this book. Those who would find this source most useful are historians of the Maghrib area as well as those researching the Arab world.

Lassner, Jacob. The Shaping of Abbasid Rule. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University
Press, c1980.
Leick, Gwendolyn. The Babylonians: An Introduction. London: Routledge, 2003.
Lerner, Frederick Andrew. The Story of Libraries: from the Invention of Writing to
the Computer Age. New York: Continuum, 1998.
Levy, David J. The measure of man: incursions in philosophical and political
anthropology. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1993.
Lewis, Bernard. The Arabs in History. Oxford; NY: Oxford University Press,
----------. The Middle East: A Brief History of the Last 2000 Years. NY:
Scribner, 2003.

Bernard Lewis covers many aspects of middle eastern history in this text. He gives a good overview of the region from times before Christianity to the present day. He includes illustrations, maps and a chronology of events. This text is one of many that Bernard Lewis has written on the Middle East. He is one of the leading authorities on middle eastern history.

Lewis, Bernard and Buntzie Ellis Churchill. Islam: the Religion and the
          People. NJ: Pearson Education, Inc as Wharton Publishing School,
Lewis, David Levering. God’s Crucible: Islam and the Making of Europe, 570 –
1215. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., Inc., 2008.

Lewis takes his reader on a journey through the spread of Islam into Europe. He uses illustrations and maps to emphasize his study. There is an extensive index, bibliography and glossary at the end of the book, which helps the reader understand some of the language within the book itself. This would be useful to those interested in learning more about the spread of Islam.

Lindner, Rudi. “The Tent of Osman, The House of Osman”. Nomads and
Ottomans in Medieval Anatolia. Bloomington: Research Institute for Inner Asisan Studies, Indiana University, 1983.
Lyons, Jonathan. The House of Wisdom: How the Arabs Transformed Western
          Civilization. NY: Bloomsbury Press, 2009.
Maalouf, Amin. The Crusades Through Arab Eyes. London: al-Saqi Books, 1984.
Mahdi, Mahdi, ed. The Arabian Nights. trans. Husain Haddawy. NY: W.W. Norton
& Co., 1990.
Marshall, Robert. Selections from Storm from the East: From Genghis Khan to
Kublai Khan. Berkely: University of California Press, 1993.
McDougall, James, ed. Nation, society and culture in North Africa. Portland, OR:
Frank Cass, 2003.

McDougall brings together a multi-national perspective of the Maghrib, specifically Morocco. This book contains scholarly essays, crossing several disciplines, on the Maghrib. McDougall includes abstracts on each essay at the end of this book. He also includes some biographical information on each of the contributing authors.

Menocal, Maria Rosa. The Ornament of the World: How Muslims, Jews and
Christians Created a Culture of Tolerance in Medieval Spain. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 2002.

            Menocal discusses the issues of the Umayyad Caliphate in Cordoba/Andalusia. She describes the strengths and weakness of this caliphate and how different religious persons managed to get along. She touches on the history of the Andalusian region and the architecture and development of vernacular that stemmed from the Umayyads.

Miller, Barnette. “The Curriculum”. The Palace School of Muhammad the
Conqueror. Boston: Harvard University Press, 1941.
Montgomery, Scott L. Science in Translation: Movements of Knowledge Through
Cultures and Time. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2000.
Munson, Henry. Religion and Power in Morocco. London: Yale University Press,

Munson attempts to weave religion and politics in this book showing how one can’t be without the other in the Arab world. He discusses various aspects of religious authority and its impact on politics in Morocco. He criticizes the ideas of Clifford Geertz in an attempt to bring another viewpoint to the table. The intended audience is historians and professors of religion and/or politics in Morocco. Munson lists his bibliographic sources in both western and Arabic languages.

Neusner, Jacob. Judaism, Christianity, and Zoroastrianism in talmudic Babylonia.
Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1986.
Nicholson, Reynold A., M.A. A Literary History of the Arabs. NY: Charles
Scribner’s Sons, 1907.
Nicol, Donald. “Constantine XI and Mehmed II: The Fall of Constantinople 1448-
1453”. The Last Centuries of Byzantium, 2nd ed. Cambridge (New York): Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Ochsenwald, William and Sydney Nettleton Fisher. The Middle East, A History, 6th
ed. New York: The McGraw Hill Companies, Inc., 2004.
Perthes, Volker, ed. Arab elites: negotiating the politics of change. Boulder:
Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2004.

Perthes shows how Arab elites have changed through the years due to outside influences. This book contains several essays on the relation of politics in several Arab states and how it has changed since early days. The inability to include Iraq, due to war and datedness of Iraqi elites, is a potential weakness in capturing the whole of Arab society. The intended audience is those who study political science, especially in the Arab world.

Peters, Francis E. Aristotle and the Arabs: The Aristotelian Tradition. New York:
New York University Press, 1968.
Polk, William R. Understanding Iraq: The Whole Sweep of Iraqi History, from
Genghis Khan’s Mongols to the Ottoman Turks to the British Mandate to the American Occupation. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, Inc., 2005.

This book is an overview of Iraqi history, touching on specific aspects of it’s history. Polk has broken the book into chapters by the type of “rule” Iraq was held under during each period of it’s history. Unlike most books, this book does not have maps or illustrations to aid the reader in visualizing what is being read.

Pormann, Peter E. and Emilie Savage-Smith. Medieval Islamic Medicine.
Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, c2007.
Quataert, Donald. The Ottoman Empire, 1700-1922. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 2000.
Robinson, David. Muslim Societies in African History. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 2004.

This book is great for those interested in learning more about the Muslims in North Africa. The author includes maps and illustrations throughout the book. He also includes a glossary at the end to help the reader understand some of the vocabulary terms. At the end of each chapter, there is a “For Further Reading” section based on what was discussed in that chapter.

Rosenberg, David. Abraham, The First Historical Biography. New York: Basic
Books, 2006.
Rosenthal, Franz. Greek Philosophy in the Arab World: A Collection of Essays.
Aldershot Hants., Great Britain: Variorum Brookfield, VT, USA: Gower Publishing Co., c1990.
Safran, Janina M. The second Umayyad Caliphate: the articulation of caliphal
legitimacyin al-Andalus. Cambridge, Mass.: Distributed for the Center for Middle Eastern Studies of Harvard University by Harvard University Press, 2000. 

This book is an historical account of the Umayyad Caliphate in Spain. Safran describes the Umayyads in Spain and how they viewed themselves, their authority, and legitimacy in Andalusia after being forced from their homeland by the Abbasids. Historians of Spain, Islam, and the caliphates would find this book interesting.

Saunders, J.J. “The Turkish Eruption”. A History of Medieval Islam. London:
Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1965.
Scales, Peter C. The fall of the caliphate of Cordoba: Berbers and Andalusis in
conflict. Leiden [The Netherlands]: New York: E.J. Brill, 1994. 

Scales discusses the years during which the Umayyad Caliphate fell apart. This book contains an historical look at the various disturbances in Andalusia that led to the ultimate fall of the Umayyads. Historians of military conflict, Islamic Spain, and North African Berbers would find this book useful. There are also maps and lineage charts near the end of the book.

Schroeter, Daniel J. The sultan's Jew: Morocco and the Sephardi world. Stanford,
Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2002. 

Schroeter discusses one family of merchants in this book. He uses historical accounts/records found in an apartment in Paris to aid his research and writing. Historians and genealogists may find this book useful, especially those interested in Moroccan histories.

Shaban, M.A. The Abbasid Revolution. Cambridge [England]: Cambridge
University Press, 1970.
Singh, N.K. and M. Zaki Kirmani, Encylcopaedia of Islamic Science and
          Scientists, New Delhi: Global Vision Publishing House, 2005.
Slyomovics, Susan, ed. The walled Arab city in literature, architecture and
history: the living Medina in the Maghrib. Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2001.

Slyomovics shows how culture, especially non-Arab cultures, influenced and shaped Arab identity, especially in North Africa. She incorporates essays on how various cultures influenced the growth of Arab cities in North Africa. At the end of the book, she includes abstracts on each essay. Art historians and anthropologists would find this source insightful.

Stausberg, Michael, ed. Zoroastrian rituals in context. Leiden: Boston : Brill,
Sugar, Peter. “The Early History and the Establishment of the Ottomans in
Europe”. Southeastern Europe Under Ottoman Rule, 1354-1804. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1977.
Tabor, James D. The Jesus Dynasty: The Hidden History of Jesus, His Royal
Family, and the Birth of Chrstianity. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006.
Thurston, Hugh. Early Astronomy. New York: Springer, c1994.
Toorawa, Shawkat Mahmood. "Ibn Abi Tahir Tayfur (d. 280/893): Merchant of
the written word". Ph.D. diss., University of Pennsylvania, 1998. In Dissertations & Theses: Full Text [database on-line]; available from (publication number AAT 9913532; accessed November 9, 2008).
Turner, Howard R. Science in Medieval Islam, An Illustrated Introduction.
          Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1995.
Watt, William Montgomery and Pierre Cachia. A History of Islamic Spain. New
York: Doubleday & Co, 1967. 
Weit, Gaston. Baghdad: Metropolis of the Abbasid Caliphate. Seymour Feiler,
translator. [Unknown Publisher], 1988.
Young, M.J.L., et. al. Religion, Learning and Science in the Abbasid Period.
Cambridge [England]; New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press, 1990.